Erev Shabbos Kodesh Shabbos Behar Inspiration 5774

In the beginning of the parasha it is said (Vayikra 25:1-2 ) וַיְדַבֵּר יְ-ה-וָ-ה אֶל מֹשֶׁה בְּהַר סִינַי לֵאמֹר: {ב} דַּבֵּר אֶל בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וְאָמַרְתָּ אֲלֵהֶם כִּי תָבֹאוּ אֶל הָאָרֶץ אֲשֶׁר אֲנִי נֹתֵן לָכֶם וְשָׁבְתָה הָאָרֶץ שַׁבָּת לַי-ה-וָ-ה,  And HaShem spoke to Moshe at Mount Sinai, saying: Speak to the children of Israel and you shall say to them: When you come to the land that I am giving you, the land shall rest a Sabbath to HaShem. Rashi writes that the juxtaposition of the laws of Shemittah to Har Sinai is that just like Shemittah, its general rules and details were given at Sinai, so too all the commandments, their general rules and details were given at Sinai. Further on regarding the laws of the Jewish slaves it is said (Ibid verse 42) כִּי עֲבָדַי הֵם אֲשֶׁר הוֹצֵאתִי אֹתָם מֵאֶרֶץ מִצְרָיִם לֹא יִמָּכְרוּ מִמְכֶּרֶת עָבֶד, For they are My servants, whom I brought out of the land of Egypt they shall not be sold as a slave is sold. There Rashi writes: my contract comes first.

We can suggest that the laws of Shemittah and the laws of the Jewish slave are parallel. One works the land for six years and then allows it to rest, because it is a Shabbos for HaShem. Similarly, the Jewish slave works for six years and then is freed, because this is what HaShem commanded at Sinai. As Rashi writes, the laws of Shemittah are a reflection of all the other laws of the Torah. Similarly, we work for six days and then rest on Shabbos, and the observance of Shabbos is equivalent to the entire Torah.


Have a liberating and restful Shabbos!


Rabbi Adler

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